|Health Care Facilities|
“Health care facility” means a place where diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings is provided irrespective of type and size of health treatment system, and research activity pertaining thereto. These health care facilities includes District Hospitals, Sub Divisional Hospitals, Community Health Centres, Primary Health Centres and Sub centres.
"Occupier" means a person having administrative control over the institution and the premises generating bio-medical waste, which includes a hospital, nursing home, clinic, dispensary, veterinary institution, animal house, pathological laboratory, blood bank, health care facility and clinical establishment, irrespective of their system of medicine and by whatever name they are called;
Management of Bio-Medical waste
In India, management of regulatory framework, for protection of Environment is being regulated under Environment (Protection) Act 1986. Under this Act, Central Government provided regulatory framework for environmentally sound management of environment as well as bio-medical Waste generated from health care facilities for the first time under Bio Medical Waste (Management and Handling), Rules, 1998.
In order to implement these rules more effectively and to improve the collection segregation, processing, treatment and disposal of these bio-medical wastes in an environmentally sound management thereby, reducing the bio- medical waste generation and its impact on the environment, the Central Government revised the earlier rules and notified new rules are called as „Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016‟ (for convenience hence forth it is referred as BMWM Rules, 2016) which came into force with effect from 28.03.2016.
Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules,2016 are applicable to all persons who generate, collect, receive, store, transport, treat, dispose, or handle biomedical waste in any form including hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, dispensaries, veterinary institutions, animal houses, pathological laboratories, blood banks, AYUSH hospitals, clinical establishments, research or educational institutions, health camps, medical or surgical camps, vaccination camps, blood donation camps, first aid rooms of schools, forensic laboratories and research labs.
“Bio Medical Waste” as defined by these rules means any waste, which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological or in health camps.
The Rules have been framed keeping in view that all the generators of bio-medical waste ensure proper segregation, collection, intramural transporation, on-site pre-treatment, storage and final disposal of waste in compliance to the Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016.
Bio-medical Waste Authorization is required for the generation, collection, reception, storage, transportation, treatment, disposal or any other manner of handling of biomedical wastes listed in Schedule 1 of the Bio-medical Wastes Management Rules, 2016.
As per Section 10 of the Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016, every occupier or operator handling bio-medical waste, irrespective of quantity, is required to obtain Authorization.
As per section 10(1), Authorization shall be one time for non-bedded occupiers.
1. prior to Operation,
Applications for BMW Authorization are to be made ONLINE to the the Board through “jhkocmms.nic.in”.